Why Are My Gums Bleeding?

repair a damaged tooth in Reston VASometimes gums bleed during routine brushing and flossing, and this can signal gum disease. Bleeding gums is usually the first symptom of gum disease, which is a bacterial infection of the gums also called periodontitis. Gingivitis is the clinical term for bleeding gums.

Prevention and early detection and intervention is the best cure for gum disease. Advanced stages of gum disease are linked to health problems such as Alzheimer’s disease and cardiovascular disease, but gum disease can also lead to tooth and bone loss and receding gums.

Dr. Datta Malyavantham offers routine screenings for gum disease and a full range of therapy services to address the varying stages of gingivitis and periodontitis.

What Causes Bleeding Gums?

There are many reasons you may experience bleeding gums. Here on the common reasons for bleeding gums:


Certain medications can increase your risk of gingivitis, such as aspirin, birth control, and blood pressure medication. Let your dentist know about the medicines you are taking so they can determine whether that is contributing to your bleeding gums. This can also help your hygienist take special care during your cleaning.

Gum Disease

Brushing and flossing are the single most important steps in your oral health routine. Naturally occurring oral bacteria build up on the teeth and feed off of leftover food particles in the mouth, and this buildup is called plaque. Plaque inflames and irritates the gums, leading to gingivitis.

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease, and it is reversible if caught early enough. The longer that bleeding gums are left untreated, the more difficult it is to treat, and the more likely it will turn into advanced gum disease. As gingivitis becomes advanced gum disease, your gums may recede and allow bacteria to settle below the gum line. This can increase your risk of tooth loss.


The hormone in the body changes when you are pregnant. Studies have shown that pregnant women are at an increased risk of developing gingivitis.

If you are pregnant and notice any changes in your dental health like bleeding gums, please be sure to contact our team. Dr. Datta can work with you to help improve your dental health and discuss ways to keep your teeth and gums healthy while pregnant.

When Do I Need to See a Dentist for Bleeding Gums?

It is important to visit the dentist at least twice a year for a routine dental exam, screening, and professional dental cleaning.

Most importantly, if you notice any changes in your oral health, schedule an appointment with your dentist to increase your chances of reversing gum disease. Dr. Datta is an experienced Sterling, VA dentist who helps patients achieve healthier teeth and gums. He’ll work with you to restore health to your smile.

To schedule an appointment, you can call (703) 520-7410 or request an appointment online.

Complimentary Consultation